Caste System in India Part 4 | Which basis of reservation is appropriate for the country? | Teh Tak

Even after seven decades of independence, the debate continues from time to time whether there is a need to change the basic policy of reservation? Does poverty have no caste? Have the castes that get reservation become a part of the ruling class? Is the benefit of reservation limited to certain castes? These questions have started at a time when speaking against reservation is considered equivalent to political suicide. No party, no leader can dare to speak against it, let alone think about going against it.

Reservation history

In 1858 Jyotiba Phule demanded representation of backward classes in proportion to their population in front of the Hunter Commission. Before independence, reservation for backward classes (BC) was started in a large part of Presidency Region and princely states. In Maharashtra, Maharaja Chhatrapati Shahuji Maharaj of Kolhapur started reservation in 1902 to remove poverty from backward classes and give them their share (jobs) in the state administration. In 1909, the British started reservation for share in administration. In 1930, 1931, 1932, Dr. Ambedkar demanded representation in the Round Table Conference. Whenever reservation is mentioned, it is often said that the result of the Poona Pact between Mahatma Gandhi and Baba Saheb Bhimrao Ambedkar is that reservation is a constitutional right. Reservation is not charity.

Reservation in India

There is a provision of 49.50 percent reservation in India.

dalit 15%

Tribals 7.5%

OBC 27%

Apart from this, provision of 10% reservation on economic basis was made in the year 2019.

In a case in 1963, the Supreme Court had said that generally more than 50 percent reservation cannot be given. Because on one hand we have to take care of merit and on the other hand we also have to keep social justice in mind. The method of giving reservation is different in different states.

Under which 16% reservation was given to Maratha community and 5% additional reservation to Muslims in education and government jobs in Maharashtra.

The highest reservation of 69 percent has been implemented in Tamil Nadu.

According to an estimate, 70 to 75 percent of the country’s population comes under the purview of reservation. This includes those people who are financially well off but do not forget to take advantage of reservation. This has raised serious questions about the purpose, justification and method of implementation of the reservation policy. Is the system of social justice yielding the right results or not? Those who are capable should not get the facility of reservation, rather reservation should be given to those who are truly entitled to it. The need is that the benefits should reach the needy, only then will the basic spirit of the Constitution be respected.

After independence, when our constitution makers implemented reservation, it was said that reservation would be for 10 years only and if needed, it would be extended further. Baba Saheb Ambedkar was the one who advocated reservation the most. But he believed that reservation cannot be forever. It is also said that Baba Saheb Ambedkar had initially suggested that instead of 10 years, reservation should be fixed for 30 or 40 years and any possibility of extending it should be eliminated. But this could not happen because political parties made reservation a weapon to win elections. The players of politics tried very hard to show their dominance over Baba Saheb’s name but did not understand Baba Saheb’s basic thoughts even a bit.

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