Eye on Global South, the path of India’s Panchsheel Agreement, what does Jinping want to do

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According to the Ministry of External Affairs, the Panchasheel Indices were first formally enunciated in the Trade and Contact Agreement signed between China and the Tibet region of India on April 29, 1954.

Chinese President Xi Jinping on Friday highlighted the relevance of the Five Principles of Peaceful Coexistence, which gained popularity with the Non-Aligned Movement, to end current conflicts and seek to expand influence in the global South amid its tussle with the West. Xi, 71, invoked the Five Principles of Peaceful Coexistence, which India calls Panchasheel, at a conference here to mark its 70th anniversary and also sought to link them with his new concept of global security initiatives envisioning a shared future for mankind.

According to the Ministry of External Affairs, the Panchasheel Indicators were first formally enunciated in the Trade and Contact Agreement signed between China and the Tibet region of India on April 29, 1954. The five principles formed part of the legacy of then Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru and his Chinese counterpart Zhou Enlai’s unsuccessful quest to find a solution to the vexed border issue. The Chinese leadership for the first time fully specified the five principles ‘mutual respect for sovereignty and territorial integrity’, ‘mutual non-aggression’, ‘mutual non-interference in each other’s internal affairs’, ‘equality and mutual benefit’, and ‘peaceful co-existence’.

Xi said at the conference that he had included the five principles in the China-India and China-Myanmar joint statements. These statements called for making the five principles the basic norms for bilateral relations. Leaders and officials from countries close to China, including Sri Lanka’s former President Mahinda Rajapaksa, attended the conference.

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